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people, places, and production

1. Make making visible.

Manufacturers need visibility to connect their products and services with the local market, while ensuring that the general public values what manufacturing does for the city.

2. Transparent making.

Providing transparency in environmental, economic, and social processes helps building trust and acceptance of urban manufacturing, while also founding a basis for interaction and collaboration between businesses.

3. Curator.

The curator helps businesses or neighbourhoods by aligning interests, building partnerships, exploring needs, communicating news and protecting community interests.

4. Availability of diverse jobs.

A diversity in job opportunities that are fairly distributed across the city allows for workplaces to fit the skills, capacities and interests of the local workforce, provides businesses with options for staffing while ensures cities are resilient and accessible.

5. Fair work conditions.

Fair working conditions are integral for providing good quality output, a reliable and agile workforce, a strong brand and in turn to promote manufacturing businesses as a valuable source of employment.

6. Sustainable product cycles.

Manufacturing contributes to city-scale circularity, helping reduce distances from resource to processing site, distribution and retail, and then to re-use, remanufacture, material recovery and back to the production cycle.

7. Multi-scaler circular infrastructure.

A system of integrated infrastructure at different scales is required to manage resource flows (materials and energy) and to promote effective circular economy approaches.

8. Moving Things Efficiently

Time-distance efficiency in logistics contributes to sustainable and competitive manufacturing.

9. Assured Security of Space

Businesses require reliable long term access to their manufacturing space in order to make investment in staff, technology and local networks.

10. Place-based Financial Levers

Financial instruments are important mechanisms to improve neighbourhood scale infrastructure and technology, while rendering businesses more compatible with their context. 

11. Incentives for Research & Development 

Cities can stimulate research and development through incentives such as providing finance and space, offering technical support, business development and support with tenders. 

12. Material Database

A centralised spatially connected database, containing data on flows of material (and waste), helps to facilitate and optimise local distribution of resources and maximise opportunities for material recovery. 

13. Microzoning

Strategically enabling zoning exceptions can protect vulnerable land uses or provide the grounds for experimentation in mixing land uses and building types. 

14. Negotiated Qualities & Environmental Criteria

The environmental impact of manufacturing can impact areas far beyond the production site, requiring informed decisions by affected stakeholders to be made to avoid conflict and unintended consequences.

15. Balance Between Public & Private Land

Public ownership of manufacturing space enables public interests to have an active stake in neighbourhood issues while ensuring space is available for unconventional or foundational forms of manufacturing. 

16. Diverse Tenure Models

A range of land and property tenure models allows for manufacturing space to be accessible to businesses according to their financial means and ownership needs. 

17. Varying Unit Sizes

Variations of unit sizes help to promote a variety of business types and facilitates manufacturers growing or shrinking without needing to leave an established neighbourhood. 

18. Strategic Access to Multimodal Mobility

The location of a business will depend on defining strategic priorities regarding accessibility by clients, partners, staff and the cost of space. 

19. Links to Transport Infrastructure

Manufacturing benefits from being near relevant infrastructure, multimodal logistics hubs and good access to distribution networks. 

20. Accessible Material Recovery Facilities

Waste processing and recycling facilities must be locally accessible through efficient logistics networks. 

21. Concentrating Messy Making Along Infrastructure

Concentrating manufacturing activities that produce noise, dust, and problematic odours along infrastructure, minimises nuisances. 

22. Transition Zones

Zones adjoining industrial areas can provide ideal space for small to medium size manufacturing businesses and supporting services that help transition into mixed use and residential areas. 

23. Taking Advantage of Place Conditions

Making use of place qualities and particularly existing conditions along rivers, canals and railway arches can use these special conditions advantageously to accommodate manufacturing. 

24. Re-use of Material & Energy Flows

Local production of waste water, materials and heat could be turned into innovative new uses, to reduce the dependency on primary raw materials and reduce environmental pressures. 

25. Mixing Complementary Making and Related Services

Mixing complementary manufacturing with related activities creates conditions for efficient work flows and provides opportunities for resource and knowledge synergies through cross-sectoral innovation. 

26. Clustering Similar Making

Clustering similar types of manufacturing promotes conditions for innovation, competition and collaboration while increasing access to staff and concentrating associated environmental issues. 

27. Local Collection Points of Segregated Waste

To ensure full recovery of waste streams, non-domestic waste collection points must be both easily accessible and well distributed across the city, into segregated waste streams to guarantee homogeneity, purity and maximise value and recovery potential. 

28. Centralised Logistics Zone

Central collective logistics space in accessible locations facilitates efficient delivery and discharge of goods while providing opportunities to store material or manufactured goods. 

29. Local Design & Prototyping

Locating R&D testing facilities for manufacturing within knowledge hubs such as technology parks, innovation districts, and research centres promotes synergies in the use of technology and transfer of knowledge. 

30. Quality Urban Environment in Making Areas

A high quality public realm is attractive for both employees and clients, increasing a sense of safety, encouraging mixed use, improving staff retention and encouraging visitors. 

31. Making Touches Making

Locating businesses according to similar environmental issues helps to minimise negative impacts of manufacturing by focusing on the block (noise and dust), streets (logistics) or neighbourhood (odours). 

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